Projects Public Improvement Projects Wilson Street Traffic Signal Interconnect

Wilson Street Traffic Signal Interconnect

Project Description & Locations
This project involves traffic signal interconnect, traffic signal modernization, emergency pre-emption system and pedestrian signals at the following intersections

Since the signal system will be interconnected with the signals on the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) roadways, the majority of this project will be funded by IDOT.

Project Status
For the design of this project the City has contracted with Civiltech Engineering Inc. to perform all necessary tasks including surveying, design and plan preparation.  Civiltech is currently working on the proposed design plans for the remaining intersection to be constructed in 2016.

In 2014 the constractor will be completing the work at Wilson Street/Batavia Avenue and Wilson Street/Island & Shumbway Avenue.
Traffic Signal Interconnect
The goal of a traffic signal interconnect is to synchronize and coordinate the intersections in a specific corridor allowing for platoons of traffic to travel more smoothly and quickly with maximum green-light time, through the corridor.  Essentially getting the greatest number of  vehicles through the system with the fewest stops and/or travel time.  It would be ideal if every vehicle entering the system could proceed through the system without stopping.  This is not possible, even in well-spaced, well designed systems.  Therefore, in traffic signal interconnect systems, the majority rules and the busiest traffic movements are given precedence over the smaller traffic movements.  This means that side street traffic will typically experience a longer wait time.  However, once on the major roadway, motorists should generally experience better free flowing traffic conditions.  An associated benefit of traffic signal coordination is a reduction in pollution.  Improved traffic flow reduces vehicular emissions through reduced idle time and more efficient operation.  How well traffic flows along a street depends on several factors:

  • the spacing between traffic signals along the street
  • programmed signal timing parameters
  • traffic volume
  • number of traffic lanes and their availability
  • driver behavior and driving speed
  • physical characteristics of the roadway
  • frequency of left turn arrows
  • roadway width (wider roadways increase pedestrian walk/don' walk timing)
  • amount of pedestrian activity
  • emergency pre-emption

Traffic Signal Modernization
Traffic signal modernization involves updating and in some cases relocating the locations of the existing equipment.  The purpose of traffic control devices (signs, signals, and pavement markings) is to help provide safe, orderly, and predictable movement of traffic.  Improper or overuse of devices may reduce safety and efficiency of traffic flow.  State and national standards and uniform state vehicle codes have been developed to provide uniformity of appearance and proper application of devices.  For example, imagine the confusion of drivers if each city or county used traffic signals with a different color, shape, and meaning.

Emergency Pre-Emption System
Emergency Pre-Emption systems will be in place at all of the intersections in this project to be used by authorized emergency vehicles, including fire engines, ambulances and police vehicles..  When activated by the flashing lights on an authorized emergency vehicle, it transfers control of the traffic signal over to a special priority signal operation which allows the emergency vehicle to proceed through the area easier.  When the Emergency Pre-Emption System is activated it will instruct the signals to change to a specific green like sequence to favor an approaching emergency vehicle.  When an emergency vehicle pre-empts the normal operation of the signal, the signal is thrown out of coordination with the rest of the signal system.  It can take several cycles before an individual traffic signal can "catch up" and return to coordination with the rest of the system.

Pedestrian Signals
These will be installed at all of proposed intersections to aide in safe crossings for both walking and biking pedestrians.  There are several different types of pedestrian signals and systems what are being evaluated.  The City is particularly looking into using Countdown Pedestrian Signals.  These signals show the same information as the conventional pedestrian signals, but with the addition of a countdown timer that shows pedestrians how much time they have to complete their crossing.

Contact Information
For questions regarding this project, contact: City of Batavia Engineering at 630-454-2750